Wiccan Hoildays

The Wiccan calender is usually refered to as The Wheel of the Year, with the

wheel representing eternity. Each turn is equivalent to one year,

and the eight spokes of the wheel represent the eight hoildays, called Sabbats.

General Infornmation about the Holidays, or Sabbots.

Sabbots represent the changing of the seasons and the solar cycle, and are directly connected to the planting of crops and harvesting them. They are also associated with the solstices and equinoxes and represent the birth, fertility, death and rebirth of God. They are also called "High Days".

Esabats are determined by the phases of the moon. They have the same amount of importance as the Sabbots.

These holidays fall on different days depending on the hemisphere and the tradition that is being practiced.

Solstices and Equinoxes:

Beltaine

Midsummer Day or Summer Solstic

Lammas

Samhain or Halloween

Winter Solstice or Yule

Imbolic

Ostara or Spring Equinox

Mabon or Fall Equinox


Beltane

April 31st or May 1st in the Northern Hemisphere

October 30th in the Southern Hemesphere

This is the fertility festival. The name means "the bright fires" or "fires of Bel". Belenos was a Celtic God.

Pronounced "BELL-tane", "bee-YAWL-tinnuh" or "BELL-tinnuh."

This holiday celebrates the joining together of the Goddess and the God. Many Wiccans are married during this time. Symbolized by a May Pole as the God and flowers as the Goddess.

Also referred to as: May Day, May Eve, Roodmas, Walpurgis Night, Cethsamhain

Colors Associated with this holiday: rainbow spectrum and all colors

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: honeysuckle, St John's Wart, all types of flowers

Traditional practices: weaving and plaiting


Midsummer

June 21st in the Northern Hemisphere

December 21st or 22nd in the Southern Hemisphere

This is the Summer Solstice. It is Norse for "longest day"

Pronouced exacally as it looks.

During the Summer's Solstice, the God is at the peak of power before starting to withdrawl again. It is the shortest night of the year. It symbolizes the end of the waxing year and the beginning of the waning year.

Also refered to as: Litha, St. John's Day, Alban Hefin

Colors associated with this holiday are: yellow, gold and rainbow

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: vervain, mugwort, rose, oak, lily, lavender, ivy, fern, elder, daisy, carnation

Traditional practices: performing healing, love and protection spells


Lammas

August 2nd or Lughnassadh August 7th in the Northern Hemisphere

February 2nd in the Southern Hemisphere

The feast of the celtic god Lugh, who is associated with the sun. Lughnasadh is Irish Gaelic for "festival of Lugh". Lunsa is Anglo-Saxon for "festival of the loaves"

Pronounced "LOO-nah-sah.", "LAH-mus", "LOO-nah-soo."

Lammas/Lughnasadh marks the first harvest of the year. The days begin to get shorter. A time to honor the grain Goddess such as Ceres and Demeter.

Also refered to as: Lughnassad, August Eve, Feast of Bread

Colors associated with this holiday are: orange, yellow, brown, green

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: all types of grains, blackberries, grapes, pears, crab apples, heather

Traditional practices: planting seeds from fruit eaten during ritual, wheat weaving, wearing flowers in your hair, athletic events


Samhain

October 30th or 31st in the Northern Hemisphere

April 30th or May 1st in the Southern Hemisphere

This is the Wiccan New Year and the most important holiday. The word means "Summer's End" in Gaelic. It was the ancient Celts New Years Eve.

Pronounced "SOW-wen", "SEW-wen", "SOW-vain", "SAV-een", "Sahm-HAYN".

Also spelled Samhuim or Samhuinn

The world of the living and dead are closest this time of year. It is the end of harvest and is a time to remember those who have died. It marks the symbolic death of god before the rebirth of the Goddess and the beginning of the season of death. In the Celtic tradition it was believed that all who died had to wait until Sanhain before crossing over the the world of the spirits. It is believed that future can be more easily seen at this time.

Also refered to as: Halloween, All Saints, Day of the Dead, All Hallows Eve, the Last Harvest, Feast of Souls, Feast of the Dead, All Souls Eve, November Eve, Hallowed Eve, and The Witches New Year.

Goddesses associated with this holiday: Nephthys, Oya, Cerridwen, Eurydice, Hecate, Hel, Inanna, Kali, Morrigan

Colors associated with this holiday; orange, black and blue

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: thistle, pumpkin, corn, grains of all kinds, pomegranites, wormwood, pears, apples,

Traditional practices: leaving a plate of food out for the souls of the dead called 'soul cakes", lighing a candle in the window, giving food to travelers (or trick or treating), jack-o-lanterns (faces were carved on pumpkins to frighten off evil spirits) and bonfires.


Yule

December 21st in the Northern Hemisphere

June 21st in the Southern Hemisphere

This is the Winter Solstic and takes place on the longest night and shortest day of the year. It also marks the point at which the days begin to grow longer.

Pronounced "Yool"

This holiday celebrates the rebirth of the God from his own seed as the Goddess.

Also refered to as: Christmas, Jul, Saturnalia, Soalar New Year, Winter Rite, Midwinter, Alban Arthan.

Colors associated with this holiday are red, green and white

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: misteletoe, holly, cedar, ivy, juniper, apples, orange, nutmeg, lemons, bay, rosemary, pine

Traditional practices: The Yule tree, and lighting of the Yule Log


Imbolc

February 2nd in the Northern Hemisphere

August 2nd in the Southern Hemisphere

This is the fire festival. It is an ancient term that means "in milk" and in Gaelic means 'in the belly'.

Prounced "IM-bullug" or "IM-bulk"

Imbolic marks the recovery of the Goddess after giving birth to the God and the beginning of the hunting season. The days are also getting longer. It represents a new beginning and spiritual growth. It is a time of purification and fasting. Brigid the Celtic Fire Goddess is honored, so she will keep everyone warm on the long cold and dark nights of this time of year.

Also refered to as: Brigantia, Brigid's Day, Oimelc, Candlemass, Lupercalia, Feast of the Waxing Light, Feast of Pan, the Feast of the Torches, Lady Day.

Colors associated witht his holiday are red and white

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: rowan, snowdrop, flowers

Traditional Practices: Lighting all the lamps in the house to honor the sun's rebirth.


Ostara

March 21 st in the Northern Hemisphere

September 2nd in the Southern Hemisphere

This is the Spring Equinox. Ostra is Saxon for "the Goddess of Spring"

Pronounced "o-STAHR-uh."

Marks the first true day of spring and is the Fertility rite celebrating the birth of Spring. It is also a fire Sabbat.

Also refered to as: St. Patrick's Day, Eostre, Easter, Festival of the Trees, Alban, Eilir, Rite of Eostre

Colors associated with this holiday: green and yellow

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: daffodil, violet, gorse, iris, woodruff, narcissus, spring flowers

Traditional practices: planting seeds, tending gardens, herb work.


Mabon

September 21st in the Northern Hemisphere

March 21st in the Southern Hemisphere

This is the Autumn or Fall Equinox when the days get much shorter. One the first day the days and nights are they same length.

Pronounced "MA-bon" or "May-bone"

Mabon is the ending of the harvest begun at Lughnasadh. Still exists today in the form of Thanksgiving.

Also refered to as: Michaelmas, Fall Sabbot, Alban Elfed, Second Festival of Harvest.

Colors associated with this holiday are: orange, red, brown, blue, purple

Herbs and fruits associated with this sabbot: acorns, oak sprigs, hazel, corn, cypress cones, pine cones, wheat

Traditional practices: gathering dried plants for decoration in the home and for herbal rituals